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Muslims’ High Unemployment Rate ‘Not Due to Cultural and Religious Practices’ | Islamophobia

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Unhealthy outcomes for Muslims within the British labor market can’t be defined by sociocultural attitudes, reminiscent of a dedication to traditionalism, in accordance with a examine.

The investigation, printed within the peer-reviewed journal of ethnic and racial researchconfirmed the existence of a “Muslim sanction” within the labor market, however rejected earlier recommendations that it was as a result of cultural and non secular practices.

Each Muslim males and Muslim girls had been discovered to be considerably extra more likely to be unemployed than their respective white British Christian counterparts after adjusting for components reminiscent of age, the place they stay, schooling and whether or not they have kids. The writer then adjusted for components reminiscent of religiosity, gender attitudes, and civic participation, however discovered that they’d solely a minor impact on “Muslim penalty.”

Samir Sweida-Metwally, The College of Bristol PhD researcher, who carried out the analysis, supported by the Financial and Social Analysis Council, stated: “The findings provide proof in opposition to the view that poor employment outcomes for Muslims in Britain are as a result of its so-called ‘socioculturality'”. attitudes’.

“By difficult this narrative, which problematizes Muslims and their religion, the examine helps the overwhelming proof from area experiments exhibiting that anti-Muslim discrimination in the direction of Muslims and those that understand themselves as Muslims is a significant barrier to their entry to the Muslim world. labored”.

Your article makes use of 10 years of information from the Longitudinal examine of UK households, an annual survey of round 100,000 individuals from 40,000 households that collects data primarily by face-to-face interviews about individuals’s socioeconomic standing.

Members have been requested questions, together with in regards to the power of their spiritual beliefs, whether or not they’re members of social organizations, and whether or not they agree with statements reminiscent of “Husband ought to win, spouse ought to keep dwelling” and “Household life suffers if the mom works utterly”. -time.” This allowed Sweida-Metwally to find out whether or not sure attitudes had been related to a better threat of unemployment.

It concluded: “’Sociocultural variables’ reminiscent of gender attitudes, language proficiency, and the extent of interethnic and intraethnic social ties usually are not a convincing supply of unexplained ethno-religious variations in labor market participation and employment. unemployment amongst Muslim women and men.”

One other important discovering was that nation of origin or “perceived Muslimness” may very well be vital. Whereas white British Muslims didn’t present a considerably totally different threat of unemployment and inactivity than white British Christians, Arab males with no faith had been amongst these more than likely to be unemployed/inactive. Sweida-Metwally wrote this “may recommend that notion of Muslim faith is extra vital in predicting spiritual drawback amongst males than precise adherence to religion.”

He added: “Because of this an understanding that Islamophobia it’s multidimensional and pertains to coloration, faith, tradition and nation of origin, with any dimension of distinction being ‘sufficient’ for somebody inclined to be prejudiced, it’s important to any technique that seeks to attenuate these inequalities”.

The examine discovered that when it got here to males, these of black Caribbean ethnicity had the very best threat of unemployment. Amongst girls, Muslim girls usually exhibited the very best threat of unemployment, and Pakistani girls exhibited the very best threat of unemployment.

Sweida-Metwally stated: “Total, the proof signifies assist for the thesis that there’s each a non secular (Muslim) and coloration (Black) sanction at play within the British labor market. Confirming earlier analysis, faith is a a lot better predictor of unemployment and inactivity for girls, whereas for males each coloration and faith are vital.”

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